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This is behind the driver's license codes

At the latest when only forgery-proof driver's licenses are allowed to be in circulation by 2033, the back of the credit card driver's license will gain in importance.

Not only that the driving authorizations for the different vehicle classes (cars, trucks, motorcycles, etc.) are entered there, no, column 12 still has space for national and EU key numbers.

"Must wear eyeglasses prescribed by a specialist when driving", is still emblazoned on old gray driver's licenses as a slightly faded stamped text. On the pink driver's licenses, too, the reference to glasses is typed under "Limitations, limitations, requirements", sometimes even with a stamp and signature. Of course, this is anything but counterfeit-proof and EU-compliant. So there are key numbers that are listed in the Driving License Ordinance (FEV) as Annex 9 to Paragraph 25 Paragraph 3. A total of 121 European and 24 national numbers symbolize restrictions and requirements for the driver's license holder. They are divided into a two-digit main key number and a sub-key number (two digits or letters) separated by a period.

The Master Key Numbers and the Ranges:

  • 01st to 03rd - Medical Reasons
  • 10th to 50th - Vehicle Customizations
  • 51st to 69th - Limited Use
  • 70th to 97th - Administrative Matters
  • Accordingly, the medical reasons regulate the specifications for people who wear glasses and people who wear hearing aids or prostheses. In the specific example, the key number "01.01" means that the driver must wear glasses. On the other hand, if you have an entry with code numbers 51 to 69 in line 12 of your driver's license, you may only drive your vehicle under certain restrictions.

    69: Driver has to "blow" when starting the journey

    This can be a restriction to daytime journeys ("61") or even a restriction to a certain area, for example around the place of residence ("62"). Drivers who are not allowed to drive on motorways are marked with the number "67", with the number "69" drivers are restricted to vehicles with an alcohol-sensitive immobilizer.

    Arne Böhne, trained driving instructor and lawyer, as well as driving license business unit coordinator at TÜV Rheinland explains: "In most cases, the driving license authorities arrange for an expert opinion on the suitability of the driver, which we then check in the specific case." This could happen, for example, to drivers who have a driver's license as a result of an accident or after their driver's license has been reinstated. Certain impairments are rarely noticed directly during a driver's license test. Böhne remembers the case of a driver's license examiner who was missing a hand. In addition to the key numbers for medical reasons, he was also given the number "66", which only allowed him to drive without a trailer.Why? It was simply not possible for the driver to disconnect a trailer from the car or connect it to the car without outside help.

    Anyone who is night blind is only allowed to drive during the day

    The restrictions on driving during the day (e.g. health problems with the eyes) or the ban on alcohol (e.g. condition of the court or contraindication with medication) quickly make sense. With some of the EU key numbers, Böhne can only speculate: "The specifications of other EU countries have certainly been taken into account here." He interprets the number "63" in such a way that a driver could be impaired in his driving ability by fellow passengers, the number "62" would be conceivable, for example, for older drivers in a rural area to ensure their mobility, but who are not would find their way around more in a big city.

    The vehicle adjustments, on the other hand, describe in great detail which additional technical assistance devices are used to move the vehicle. For example, drivers with physical disabilities can operate the brakes by hand (20.06) or the accelerator with their knees (25.05). Here, too, a TÜV report often decides in individual cases, "since there are so many different physical limitations," says Böhne. "One driver with a stiff ankle still has enough strength to press the clutch, the other doesn't." This would then be limited to automatic vehicles (78) via the key number, or he would need technical assistance in the car.

    Specifically, the main key number stands for...

  • 10. for an adapted gearshift
  • 20. for an adapted braking mechanism
  • 25. for adapted acceleration mechanisms
  • 31. for adjustments and securing of the pedals
  • 32. for combined acceleration and Service braking devices
  • 33. for combined service braking, acceleration and steering devices
  • 35. for adapted operating devices (switches for lights, windscreen wipers/washers, acoustic signal, direction indicators, etc.)
  • 40. for adapted steering
  • 42. for adapted device for the view to the rear/to the side
  • 43. for the seating position of the vehicle driver
  • 44. for adjustments to motorcycles
  • Conclusion

    Everything was easier in the past, there were driving license classes one to five and for those who wore glasses there was a stamp on the driver's license. The EU driver's license card provides over a hundred key numbers that regulate and restrict the driving of a car, truck or motorcycle in a clear and forgery-proof manner. Sometimes even experts can only speculate about the content.


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