After the end of the Second World War, S aab increasingly to the construction of civilian machines. Saab, based in Trollhättan, entered the automotive sector at the end of the 1940s. Already presented in 1947, the Saab 92, the first series model, came onto the market in 1949. Today the aircraft and car businesses are completely separate and no longer form a single unit.
Under the umbrella of GM since 2000
Saab established itself as an automaker in the 50s and 60s. At the end of the 1960s, the Swedes switched from two-stroke to four-cylinder four-stroke engines. At the same time, in 1968, Saab merged with the Swedish commercial vehicle manufacturer Scania-Vabis AB. In 1990, the entire passenger car sector was separated from the Saab Scania Group and Saab Automobile AB was created. The truck department was also spun off as an independent AG under the name Scania. At that time General Motors acquired 50 percent of the shares. The other 50 percent was held by the Swedish holding company Investor AB until the company was completely taken over by GM in 2000. Since 2004, Saab has been controlled by GM's European headquarters in Switzerland. In 2009, the automobile history at Saab could come to an end after 62 years, which the automaker filed for bankruptcy on February 20. Shortly before the end of the year, the last negotiations with bidders also seem to have fizzled out. Should this happen, GM will finally wind up Saab.
The original Saab, the Saab 92 as the first production model of the Swedes, came on the market in 1949. The design of the four-seater sedan was based heavily on that of the aircraft. The shape of the four-seater vehicle when viewed from the side was reminiscent of an airplane wing. A 25 hp two-cylinder two-stroke engine installed transversely at the front passed its power to the front wheels and enabled a top speed of 105 km /h. In the model history, for example, the 93 model followed in 1955 and the 96 model in 1960, which was produced until 1980. As early as 1976 Saab presented its first turbo engine in the Saab 99, a technology that is still defining the Swedish brand today.
From 1978 the Saab 900 in the middle class at the start. sixYears later, the Saab 9000 followed upper middle class. The first Saab Cabriolet was created in 1986 on the basis of the 900. The successor to the 9000 series was launched in 1997 by the Saab 9-5 . In 1998 the 900 series replaced the Saab 9- 3 . The Saab 9-3 Cabrio was presented for the first time in 1999.
The Saab 9-2X was introduced in 2004 based on the Subaru Impreza, especially for the US market. From 2005 the Chevrolet Trailblazer served as the basis for the Saab 9-7X, which was also manufactured exclusively for the USA. The latest model from the Swedes is the one at the IAA 2009 presented new Saab 9-5.