IAA 1991: E-Cars, Trunks and Korea

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Electric cars at the IAA 1991

E inige Manufacturers rely on electric drives at the 1991 IAA. The BMW E1 should already achieve a range of 250 kilometers. With 45 HP the power of the electric motor is quite high, the acceleration from zero to 80 km /h should be completed in 18 seconds, 120 km /h is the maximum speed in the technical data sheet. A light metal frame under its plastic body ensures stability, airbags make the small car safer.

VW is showing the Chico, a small car study with a hybrid drive

Volkswagen combines a halved Polo engine with 34 hp with an 8 hp (continuous output) electric motor. The development, which is visually very reminiscent of the second-generation Corsa, can be operated in three modes, the two engines individually or together, for example when accelerating. Thanks to recuperation (energy return of the braking energy), the Chico has a range of around 70 kilometers, operated purely electrically.

Mercedes is showing an 'electric' 190, whose two particularly high-torque electric motors (500 Nm each) act directly on the rear wheels - this means that there is no need for a gearbox or differential. The additional weight due to the AEG batteries in the engine and trunk is only 200 kilograms compared to the conventional 190. The juice lasts around 150 kilometers, then the E-Baby-Benz has to be plugged back into the socket.

Opel uses the technology of mother GM and transplanted the Impact's drive into an Astra station wagon. Its lead-acid batteries weigh 395 kilograms, the engines have an output of 85 kW (115 hp). Ford wants to test its electric cars based on the Escort with 70 to 100 copies in large-scale trials. Like Ford, Fiat and its Panda Elettra are showing a little innovative electric concept with similar technology - DC motor and lead or nickel-cadmium batteries. After all: the start of series production has already been announced.

Hyundai with clear savings announcement

That is an announcement: 'Ten Percent cheaper and 10 percent better than the Japanese '- After the market entry was postponed two years ago, Hyundai bristles with the first IAA appearance in 1991. The Koreans want the German with four modelsor conquer the European market. Pony, S-Coupé, Lantra and Sonata are the names of the cheap cars, all of which are powered by Mitsubishi engines.

BMW 5 Series with Backpack, 8 Series with all-wheel steering

With the 5 Series Touring, BMW finally wants to get involved in the big lifestyle station wagons. The market is growing and the Bavarians have also recognized that the station wagon is changing its artisan image in favor of the practical family car. Alone, the space is a little meager compared to the competitions Mercedes E-Class and Audi 100. At least there is a rear window that can be opened separately.

The 850i is now also available with all-wheel steering. Active rear axle kinematics are available for around 10,000 marks extra. Electronic damper control, stability control and electric steering column adjustment are included in the package price.

Ford is showing the Scorpio tournament at the 1991 IAA

Ford is also entering the upscale station wagon business with the Scorpio tournament - again, because with the Granada, the Cologne-based company has long had one of the largest station wagons on offer. With up to 2,180 liters of cargo space, the new Scorpio is once again one of the largest in its class. The other innovations from Ford are less practical, but far more exciting. The Escort RS 2000 trumps with its 150 hp two-liter four-cylinder, but even more so with its oversized rear wing. If you want it even more extreme, you can use the Escort Cosworth 4x4.

V6 in the Audi 80 and the new 100 Avant

The redesigned Audi 80 gets the familiar face of the larger models, its wheelbase grows by seven centimeters. The wheel arches are slightly flared and the rear window is now a little flatter. The small Audi now offers a great advantage compared to its predecessor, which can only be distinguished at second glance. Finally the tank moves from behind the back seat under the car floor. A new rear axle is required for this. Instead of the previous torsion crank rear axle, the space-saving twist beam construction from VW is now used. The trunk gets a level loading floor, is no longer as rugged and can be expanded to up to 1,100 liters thanks to the split-fold backrest.

If you want, you can now also order a six-cylinder with 174 hp. Not a bad choice, because extensive reinforcement measures bring the total weight of the Audi 80 close to that of its bigger brother, the Audi 100 - only 76 kilograms separate the two. Even with the V6 engine, with an unladen weight of 1,400 kilograms, no outstanding performance can be expected.

The new Audi 100 Avant, which is at the IAA, has little in common with its predecessor. Instead of sloping down at an angle, the new Avant has a steep tailgate. This benefits the trunk with a capacity of up to 1,445 liters.As with its predecessor, a third bench can be chosen as an option. Four, five and six-cylinder engines with up to 230 hp in the top model, the S4, provide propulsion.

Mercedes with new gullwing and open E-Class

Mercedes makes a contribution to the IAA in 1991 Prestige car that has no chance of mass production. The C112 is eligible for approval - a condition of development. Its appearance is spectacular: Gullwing doors, V12 with 408 hp, electronically controlled chassis and its sophisticated aerodynamics make the C112 a real crowd puller.

Another prototype is to appear in series in the year after the IAA, the convertible of the 124 Model series. First with the 24-valve six-cylinder for 95,000 marks. Not a special offer, but the effort involved in building this four-seater convertible is also enormous. The new safety system with the rollover protection that extends in milliseconds deserves special mention.

The volume manufacturer is introducing the Kadett successor. The Astra with its rounded design is available at the IAA 1991 in hatchback and station wagon versions. Opel enters the off-road vehicle market with the Frontera. The Frontera is a relabeled Isuzu Rodeo, but has Rüsselsheim engines under the hood that drive all four wheels. The Calibra is now also available with all-wheel drive. Its 204 hp four-cylinder is pressurized by a turbocharger and accelerates the sports coupé to 245 km /h. Opel is taking a different approach with the Corsa Eco. Here emphasis is placed on low consumption.

Porsche at the IAA 1991 with front engines

The 944 is in Frankfurt with a completely new look and a new name. The 968 replaced the 944 Turbo and the S2 from now on. It is powered by the three-liter four-cylinder, which has been increased to 240 hp and comes with a six-speed gearbox as standard. The coupe costs 89,900 marks, the convertible around 10,000 marks more. The look is based on the 928, which now replaces the 928 S4 and 928 GT as GTS. For 156,050 marks there is now a V8 with a displacement of 5.4 liters with 340 hp.

Those who like it light and classic can be happy with the RS version of the Porsche 911 for 145,450 marks and with 260 hp will. The fourth innovation from Zuffenhausen costs 24,000 marks more, the Carrera 2 Cabrio in turbo look, but with the well-known 250 PS boxer in the rear.

Golf the third and Vento instead of Jetta

Like competitor Opel, Volkswagen is showing its new compact class, the third-generation Golf, at the IAA in Frankfurt. When it comes to the body variants, VW falls behind. While Opel has three and four-door models and the station wagon, the Golf initially has two hatchback versions with three and five doors. The station wagon should follow in 1992, as well as theNotchback version, which will be called Jetta Vento instead.

The Corrado is getting two new engines. On the one hand the 136 hp four-cylinder with two-liter displacement and four-valve technology, on the other hand the 2.9-liter V6 with 190 hp.

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