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Technical regulations 2014: F1 side crash test will be abolished

Technical Regulations 2014
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C There have been rash tests in Formula 1 since 1984. Initially, Formula 1 cars were only driven head-on against a wall. A year later there was a crash from the side. That was while FIA ​​President Jean-Marie Balestre was still in office.

His successor, Max Mosley, made safety in motorsport his program. In 1995 he introduced the crash test with the rear first and tightened the standards for side crashes three times. The last time the 780 kilogram stamp hit the side of the chassis at 10 meters per second. Cockpit sides made of the tear-resistant material Zylon became mandatory.

Side crash test the most difficult task

The designers consider passing the side crash test to be the most difficult task, because the entire Load must be borne by two crash structures growing out of the chassis. Those who failed usually had a serious problem: The chassis broke. In the short preparation phase for the season, it was a mean disaster.

This was also where the most trickery was done. The two carbon tubes got in the way of the aerodynamicists. They were placed in the permitted window where they least disturb the engineers in the freedom of design of the side boxes.

Red Bull and FIA are testing standard crumple zone

That is over now. The FIA ​​Institute, which is responsible for safety issues, has worked with Red Bull to develop a standard crash structure for laboratory tests that will make a crash test superfluous in the future. From 2014, all cars must have an identical crash structure at two fixed positions within the side pods.

The two pillars grow 35 centimeters above and below the chassis and are slightly angled at the front and back when viewed from above, so they are wider on the chassis than on the outside. Like the layout, the material is also prescribed. Tricks impossible.

New crash structure does not break off in Zanardi accident

FIA race director Charlie Whiting explains: 'The shape is supposed to guarantee that the pins won't break off if the impacting vehicle doesn't hit the other at exactly 90 degrees.' So exactly the accident scenario that had such terrible consequences at the Lausitzring in 2001 between Alessandro Zanardi and Alex Tagliani. Back then, Reynard from Tagliani hit Zanardi's car at an oblique angle between the cockpit and the front axle.

It will be cheaper for the teams because the crash tests cost money.Now you can adopt the crash structure from one year to the next. The aerodynamicists will pull their hair out. You are significantly limited in the design of the side boxes, especially when moving in at the bottom.

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