IAA 1989: Premiere for Mazda MX-5 and Mercedes SL

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I Integral link rear axle, stability and traction control, front seats with integrated belt system , a new information system - everything in the 140,000 mark expensive sports coupé. With a weight of around 1,800 kilograms, the 300 hp 850i is recommended as a Gran Turismo.

In addition to the automotive upper class, you can also find normal earners at the BMW stand at the IAA in Frankfurt. The reason are two 3-series innovations. BMW increases the output of the M3 four-cylinder from 195 to 215 hp and is showing the new 1.8-liter four-cylinder with four-valve technology and 136 hp in the 318iS.

Convertible study and Kamei spoiler

Audi uses the Audi convertible study to determine whether there will be a clientele for the open four-seater, which will be offered for around 70,000 marks. Two years later, series production starts at Karmann. After nine years, the successful Audi Cabriolet will be replaced by the open A4. The Audi 80 gets a new two-liter four-cylinder with 140 hp and bears the additional abbreviation 16 V, lurks 25 millimeters closer to the road and has body spoilers from Kamei. Inside, the sportiest 80s is upgraded with leather seats and additional instruments. The top model Audi V8 can now also be ordered with a five-speed manual transmission.

Premiere for Audi 100 TDI and Golf GTI G60

With three newly introduced diesels, Audi is treading a path that will turn out to be successful. Audi 80 1.9 D, Audi 100 2.4 D and finally the Audi 100 2.5 TDI 120 PS.

Group sister Volkswagen has the most sporty Golf in the stable with the Golf GTI G60. Thanks to G-Lader charging, it has 160 hp and is available with standard ABS from 35,000 marks. For bargain hunters there is the Golf turbodiesel with 80 hp and charge air cooling as well as a Passat with 68 hp diesel.

Birthday present: Panamericana study

The reason for the Porsche Panamericana study is its 80th birthday Ferry Porsche's birthday. Designer Harm Lagaay is happy about the opportunity to let his creative ideas run wild: 'This birthday is the unique opportunity to present a vehicle that represents everything that we as a sports car manufacturer are proud of.'

Visually should lean the Panamericana on the 550 Spyder. The wheels are tolargely free, so that the eye falls on the hand-carved tire profile consisting of the Porsche crest. One reason for the sensational study is the desire and the economic necessity to receive design contracts from external companies.

With the new Carrera 2, the Zuffenhausen-based company is of course also showing the continuation of the 911 legend. It is derived from the Carrera 4 and has the same 250 hp boxer. Buyers can save around 12,000 marks if they do without the complex all-wheel drive. With the new Tiptronic, Porsche is showing a sequential series transmission for the first time.

Opel shows the most powerful series sedan and Manta successor

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Opel is showing the Coupé Calibra at the 1989 IAA.

The attraction at the Opel booth is the Lotus Omega. With its 3.6-liter twin-turbo and 360 hp, it is the most powerful production sedan. The motto of the Rüsselsheim performance is also otherwise: New engines, three-liter six-cylinder with four-valve technology and 204 hp for Senator and Omega. Manta jokes are currently booming and Opel is bringing the Calibra, the successor to the sporty coupé. Optionally available with 115 or 150 PS four-cylinder and with an announced drag coefficient of 0.26.

Opel Corsa GSi and Ford Fiesta XR2i

Ford and Opel are hoping for sales successes with their new high-performance small cars Fiesta XR 2i and Corsa GSi. The Fiesta has the edge with 104 hp from its 1.6-liter engine. And deep down, because the visual appearance is characterized by mighty aprons at the front and rear. The Corsa GSi is a bit more discreet and with 98 PS also has sporting potential.

Mercedes at the IAA 1989 with E-Class

Mercedes is holding back a little with innovations and is presenting with the new top model 300 E-24 on the one hand Mopf 1 - model maintenance measure 1 for the 124 series. The reason is the 5 Series from BMW, which is noticeably gaining market share, while Mercedes has to accept returns with its middle class. So now a visual revision: The Sacco boards - body planks on the side flank - chrome trim and more wood in the interior are visible, but the new seats are noticeablebetter. Finally more lateral guidance and better comfort, the rear passengers also benefit from new upholstery and better shape of the seats.

Those who want it sportier can now choose the Sportline package, the 7-inch alloy wheels, sports seats , Lowering with hardened springs and dampers and more direct power steering offers. The surcharge is typically Mercedes self-confident: 4,617 marks. Buyers of the top model have to pay 1,254 marks less, which is quickly put into perspective in view of the basic price of 64,182 marks. In return, however, they get the most powerful E-Class with 220 hp, which accelerates from standstill to 100 km /h in eight seconds and runs at top speed of 237 km /h.

Citroën XM and all-wheel drive for the BX

The double angle of the French shines in Frankfurt on the new top model XM. As heir to a line of ancestry that was already legendary at the time, it will certainly not be easy for him. Traction Avant, DS19, CX - they all interpreted the French lightness and elegance. The new XM, on the other hand, looks like it has been constructed with the set square on graph paper. Corners, edges, beading - the avant-garde breaks with tradition, but is still recognizable French.

Far East Ferrari and new Accord

Honda
The NSX caused a sensation at the Honda stand.

The spectators of the IAA 1989 had to go to the Honda stand rub your eyes. What can be seen there leaves the audience speechless. The new NSX super sports car with an initially 274 hp mid-engine V6 doesn't look like Japan at all. But the spectacular is under the skin. For the first time in a production vehicle, this is largely made of aluminum. Drive-by-wire is also the technology keyword. The fully electronic steering and the electronic throttle valve control herald a new technology era. The V6 has titanium connecting rods and is ignited by platinum spark plugs.

The NSX is not a lightweight despite the approximately 200 kilos saved. The reason is the extensive standard equipment with automatic air conditioning, CD changer, electric seats and airbags. The aluminum chassis with independent suspension, double triangular wishbones,and anti-roll bars brought Formula 1 know-how into large-scale production. Due to its camber-changing geometry, special tires were required that were directional and side-bound. The technology carrier was available for 120,000 marks.

In addition, the fourth generation of the Accord - as a world premiere in Frankfurt at the IAA - looks like a used vehicle. Compared to its predecessor, it grows by 15 centimeters in length and 12 centimeters in the wheelbase and offers a 444 liter trunk.

Mazda MX-5, Toyota 4Runner and the most successful sports car in the world

Toyota uses the IAA in Frankfurt for the premiere of the new Celica and 4Runner. While the Celica is one of the most famous models of the Japanese number 1, the 4Runner is clearly positioned against the Terrano from Nissan. The trend in off-road vehicles is clearly pointing towards asphalt use and so the interior appears accordingly dignified. Instead of washable plastic there is velor upholstery. Further innovations are not yet on display in Frankfurt: Starlet, MR2, Supra, Camry and F-Model have already been announced for 1990.

The Mazda IAA stand is surrounded. The reason is the MX-5. The new classic roadster is set to conquer the summer and the hearts of buyers in 1990. He has the best prerequisites. Rear-wheel drive, easy-turning four-cylinder with 1.6 and 1.8 liter displacement and 90 to 130 hp, a low weight of just under 1,000 kilograms and a comparatively low price. In the years that followed, it was to ensure a real renaissance of the roadster. In addition, Mazda's new mid-range entry can be seen with the new 323.

The world's most successful sports car does not come from Germany. No, it's Nissan's Z /ZX series. The new Nissan 300 ZX Twin Turbo is at the IAA 1989 in Frankfurt. Thanks to double charging, the Japanese get 280 hp from the three-liter V6. The naturally aspirated variant with 222 hp is not available in Europe.

Six-speed gearbox, carbon fiber, five-valve engine

With the premise of optimizing consumption, there are numerous innovations at the IAA 1989. Variable intake manifold length that increases pulling power and reduces consumption, six-speed manual transmission (ZF) and the world's first five-speed automatic (Nissan), five-valve technology (Audi), adjustable Camshafts (Alfa Romeo, Mercedes). A great future is rightly predicted for turbo technology, with many suppliers presenting their latest printmakers. G-charger, exhaust gas turbocharger - in the Audi 20 V the charger can even adjust its blade geometry and thus almost completely eliminate the turbo lag.

The electronics in the vehicle are also getting more and more busy, traction control, servo electronics from ZF and the electrical ones Power steering from Bosch, Tiptronic from Porsche - the triumphant advance ofElectronic components in the car continue, the replacement of purely mechanical constructions is over.

The potential of carbon fiber is being discovered, Renault, for example, has a cardan shaft laminated from the extremely rigid and feather-light material, which is used in the all-wheel drive Espace. Twelve kilometers of the fibers are glued together for the shaft. With five kilograms, at least 50 percent weight is saved.

Studies at the IAA 1989 - Zender Fact 4, VW with wing door Futura

The Fact 4 study by Zender gives an exciting interpretation of the super sports car New. The mid-engine sports car is powered by a double-charged Audi V8 with 448 hp, the chassis comes from the Porsche 928, the exciting skin is made of carbon fiber and impresses with its perfect workmanship.

VW is taking a different approach and is showing his mobile study Futura. Above all, the use as a city car is in the foreground. The Futura can measure parking spaces by laser and ultrasound and, thanks to four-wheel steering, park without the driver having to do anything. As a drive for its one-box design study, VW chose a mixture of diesel and gasoline engine, today one would call it diesotto. With direct injection and without regulation by a throttle valve, G-charger, a compression of 16: 1 and an extremely lean mixture of lambda 1.5, the 1.7 liter four-cylinder makes 82 hp and should achieve a consumption of five to six liters. The doors and tailgate can be removed, turning the Futura into a convertible.

With the Nissan UV-X and the Toyota 4500 GT, two studies are coming from Japan that are aimed at practicality and yet are stylishly attractive. The 4500 GT is a sporty lifestyle station wagon with a 4.5-liter V8 that is supposed to mobilize around 300 hp with five-valve technology. The Nissan UV-X is basically the transformation of the ZX-300 sports car into a four-door sedan.

The fun group is served by Ghia with commissioned work for Ford. A Fiesta pick-up that nobody needs. The name fits: bebop.

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